Daguerreotype of Lincoln by Alexander Gardner in 1863. Washington, DC, is an American statesman. He is the sixteenth president of the United States. He was twice elected President of the United States in November 1860 and November 1864. He is the first Republican President in the history of the country. He led the United States in the worst constitutional, military, and moral crisis in its history, the Civil War, and managed to preserve the Union.